52 Weeks to College: Week 40

How to Handle Additional Information and Explanatory Essays in your College Applications
October 11, 2021

Beyond the standard essay questions found on your college applications, you’ll run across two other types of essay questions on the application that you probably aren’t sure how to approach.

The first is the fairly innocuous question usually found at the end of the application that goes something like this: “Do you have anything to add?”

For example, on the Common App, it is labelled “Additional Information” and is the last question in the Writing Section.

Answering this question is totally optional, so should you answer it or not? We’ll come back to that!

The second is the required explanatory essay or any essays that pop up if you have answered some particular questions with “Yes” on the application.

For example, if your high school education has been interrupted, you’ll often have to provide an explanation for the circumstances. Likewise, if you have a disciplinary or criminal record, you might be asked in a college supplement to address it in a required explanatory essay (aka disclosure essay).



  • Decide whether you are going to develop an Additional Information essay. If so, draft it.

  • Draft any required explanatory essays.

  • Revise your short answers that you drafted last week, and draft 2-3 more after checking your Writing Map to figure out what you have left to do.

  • Continue working on your essays. If you’ve been on the three-week writing cycle since Week 33, you should be really cranking them out and should have no problem finishing them all well before the deadlines.

  • Finalize your second set of Why College X/Why Major X answers and revise your third set. If your template is working well, you should be able to get them all done in three sets. If you need to tweak your template, go back to Week 36 for tips.

  • Keep checking for virtual college events hosted by the colleges on your list and prepare for/attend those on your calendar.  See our tips in Week 31 for why you should attend and how you should prepare.
  • Finalize your third scholarship application. Most applicants will not complete more than three scholarship applications, so we’re winding down the writing cycle as you close in on finishing three. If you have more to complete, just keep going with the three-week writing cycle!


1. Check your email, voicemail, texts, and snail mail for any communications that relate to applying to college. Read them and take whatever action is necessary.

2. Update your parents about what you’re doing. This regular communication will work wonders in your relationship with your parents during this stress-filled year


1. The Additional Information section is not the place for you to explain any special circumstances you have confronted due to the global pandemic UNLESS there is no other option. Both the Common App and the Coalition App have separate questions for COVID-related circumstances. But if there is no other option, it is worth explaining your particular situation during the pandemic and its impact on your educational progress and activities. But don’t work on drafting it this week — next week’s post is all about how to handle this issue.

2. Do not use the Additional Information section just because it’s there. More is not more when it comes to your college applications, unless it really adds something. You should only include a supplemental essay if it addresses some ESSENTIAL aspect of your story that is not revealed elsewhere in your application. When would that happen? You might have chosen another topic for your personal essay because you did not want this aspect of yourself to be the focus of that essay, but you nonetheless think it is important that an admissions officer know this other thing about you. For example, Jason’s mother died of a heart attack while exercising in their home gym and Jason was the family member who found her when he was 10. This loss and experience have shaped his character in some essential ways. But Jason did not want to make this the topic of his personal essay, because he had other things that were more recent in his life that were equally important to who he had become. But an admissions officer wouldn’t really be able to understand who Jason was without knowing about this other part of his background, so the perfect solution was a supplemental essay that he included as Additional Information. Go back to your story and see if there is any critical component that you feel must be included but that isn’t the topic of your personal essay or another essay.  If so, then a supplemental essay is the solution for you, too!

3. Explanatory essays (disclosure essays) should be honest, forthright, and to the point. Don’t belabor things. If you weren’t in school for one semester because you were on a medical leave, say that. It is most important to address why that particular situation that caused an issue in the past is not likely to cause a similar issue in the future. Or if it is ongoing, explain how you are going to manage it in college.

4. You must overcome a disciplinary or criminal record by persuading the admissions officer to give you a second chance. Some colleges, but not all,, ask about criminal and disciplinary history. Admissions officers can and do admit applicants with records. But to persuade an admissions officer to admit you despite your record, you are going to have to present a clear and convincing case that you have earned a second chance. You need to make use of the multiple opportunities you have to make your case (additional essays, supporting documentation, recommendations that address it, and so on). Consult Chapter 13 in our book or the relevant sections in our Inline software for our suggestions about how to build your most persuasive case.

Get more essay help right within your copy of Inline.

Anna Ivey is one of the founders of Inline. An experienced admissions consultant and a frequently cited media expert on the topic of college admissions, she is also co-author of the college admissions bible How to Prepare a Standout College Application. Learn more about Anna's background here.

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